Clinical Electrophysiology -> Atrial Fibrillation & Atrial Flutter: -> Left Atrial Appendage Closure D-PO02 - Poster Session II (ID 47) Poster

D-PO02-206 - Warfarin Versus Non-vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants For Left Atrial Appendage Thrombus: A Meta-analysis (ID 1059)


Background: Non-Vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are commonly used for thromboembolic risk reduction and treatment of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis.
Objective: Data regarding NOAC efficacy and safety in comparison to warfarin for left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombus is limited.
Methods: A comprehensive literature search in PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane Review from inception to October 30th, 2019 was performed. Studies reporting clinical outcomes comparing warfarin versus NOACs were included. Two investigators independently extracted the data and individual quality assessment was performed. A meta-analysis was performed using random-effects model to calculate risk ratio (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3.
Results: Four studies met inclusion criteria and a total of 322 patients were included of whom 141 were in the NOAC arm and 181 were in the warfarin arm. Pooled mean CHADSVASc score was 2.42 ±1.16. There was no significant difference in thrombus resolution between the two groups (RR 1.00, 95% CI (0.77 - 1.29, p=0.03). There was no significant difference in major bleeding [RR 1.30, 95% CI (0.14- 12.23, p=0.44) or stroke (RR 0.42, 95% CI (0.09 - 2.07, p=0.97) between the two groups.
Conclusion: The results of our meta-analysis indicate that NOACs are a safe and feasible alternative to warfarin for patients with LAA thrombus.